Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland, which is located in the anterior part of the neck region. Two of the hormones produced by it are thyroxine and thyronine. It usually becomes functional by absorbing iodine from the blood. This is the reason why it is advisable to consume iodised salt. The hormones secreted by the thyroid play a vital role in controlling our body’s metabolism. Thyroid gland is a gland whose proper functioning is very essential, especially it is important to have an optimum secretion of its hormones because it’s over or under secretion can cause problems.
Under normal conditions, body’s immunity clearly differentiates between the body tissue and the foreign tissue but when someone suffers from autoimmune defects then his /her immune system starts producing antibodies against body’s own healthy tissues. Thyroid eye disease is one such case where body starts producing antibodies against thyroid gland which often results in over or under secretion of the hormones. This antibody which attacks the thyroid gland can affect eye tissues. It results in a number of eye related problems. Often thyroid problems and eye problems are the result of autoimmune disorder; hence it becomes even more important to understand that person whose thyroid gland functions normally can also suffer from thyroid eye disease.
The treatment of thyroid eye diseases often begins with restoring normal functioning of the thyroid gland, resulting in treatment of eye diseases also. It should be treated by an ophthalmologist.
Symptom associated with thyroid eye disease is swelling of the eyes, which are the result of swelling of fat tissues in the eyes. Due to swelling of the fat tissues in the eye socket, the eyes become bulged out. Due to the swelling in the eye tissues, the eye becomes unable to rotate freely and it is often accompanied by watering of the eyes and increased sensitivity towards the light.