Surgeries conducted for the diseases in the veins and artery is called as vascular surgery. The vascular surgeon manages the diseases by medical therapy, minimally invasive catheter procedures and surgical reconstruction. Vascular diseases can have serious health implications because they are associated with the system in body which circulates the blood. Blood circulation is the most important function of human body since blood carries oxygen and other nutrients to tissues throughout the body. A failure in that may sometimes become fatal. Thus the role of a vascular surgeon becomes highly important for patients with such ailments.
Vascular surgery treats the problems in blood vessels everywhere in the human body except in the brain and heart of the patient. These diseases fall under the specialization of the neurology and cardiology respectively.
The diseases in the vascular system can be classified in to a few broad categories.
The buildup of the plaques on the walls of the blood vessels.
Blood clots in one or more sections of blood vessels, slowing down the rate of blood circulation or stopping of the same.
Some cases the walls of the blood vessels may get weakened and expand like a balloon, imposing a risk of life threatening rupture.
Surgical treatments: Vascular surgeons perform surgical and non surgical treatments depending upon the condition. They of course go for open surgery procedures, but now a days the laparoscopic and endoscopic process of surgeries have made treatment easy for the patients. The surgeon’s method of treatment is solely selected on the basis of condition, location of surgery and the patient’s overall health.
Non-surgical treatments: In non surgical procedures they treat the patient with medicines to prevent clots, regulate cholesterol level in blood and to reduce plaque. They also make the patients aware about their lifestyle implication on their vascular system by imparting them subject knowledge.
Since this part of medical science deals with the most important function of the body, a good vascular surgeon certainly makes a huge difference to human lives.